Art and Interpretation
Research Articles

Analysis of Diego Velazquez’s “Rokeby Venus” According to the Method of Ichonographic and Iconological Art Critisizm


İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi, Güzel Sanatlar Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı, Resim-İş Öğretmenliği Programı, Malatya, Türkiye

Art and Interpretation 2022; 1: 42-48
DOI: 10.5152/AI.2022.1003510
Read: 1868 Downloads: 386 Published: 28 October 2022

Diego Velazquez, one of the important painters of the Baroque period, is an artist who draws attention with his realistic and natural expression, use of different light and perspectives in his works. The artist, who brings together intellectual and mythological subjects in his works, has gained fame especially with his portraits. The work named “Rokeby Venus,” which is among the works of the artist and still preserves its mystery, has an important place in the art of painting both in Spain and in the world. Differences such as the fact that Venus was drawn with her back to the audience for the first time until that day, mastery in the technique used, and the mythological meanings it contains gave the work a multi-layered quality. In this study, based on Erwin Panofsky’s “Iconographic and Iconological Art Criticism” method, the work of “Rokeby Venus” by Velazquez was analyzed. Panofsky’s method is a method that has been accepted in the fields of art and art education and continues to be used today. While analyzing the work, preiconographic description, iconographical analysis, and iconological interpretation were used. It has been seen that with this method, works of art can be evaluated more accurately. With the research done, various meanings of the work named “Rokeby Venus” were encountered and it was concluded that it is a masterpiece that still preserves its mystery.

Cite this article as: Şahin, D., & Özkeş, Ş. N. (2022). Analysis of Diego Velazquez’s “Rokeby Venus” according to the method of ichonographic and iconological art critisizm. Art and Interpretation, 40(1), 42-48.

EISSN 2822-2865